Bessonova Tat'yana Viktorovna, Candidate of historical sciences, associate professor, sub-department of social sciences and humanities, Naberezhnye Chelny Institute, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University (68/19 Mira avenue, Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia), E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The Russian philistinism of the pre-reform period was a predominantly urban stratum of the population, created according to the plan of Catherine II as the “middle kind of people”. An analysis of the everyday life of Kazan philistinism in the context of modernization processes makes it possible to reconstruct the everyday consciousness of philistinism through the stereotypes of thinking, attitudes and values. The purpose of the work is to study the everyday property and subject environment of Kazan burghers of the first half of the XIX century as a reflection of the way of life of the middle class.
Materials and methods. Sources for researching the topic are extracted from the funds of the National Archive of the Republic of Tatarstan. These sources were deposited in the funds of the Russian and Tatar orphan courts, the city magistrate, the chamber of the civil court, the city duma. Documents are descriptions of the property of Kazan burghers, made when transferring estates to custodial office or when selling for debts. Sources contain a detailed list of all movable and immovable property of townspeople belonging to both the Russian and the Tatar bourgeois communities of the city.
Results. The subject environment of Kazan townspeople, both Russians and Tatars, is investigated, existing ideas about survival skills and ways of earning a living are supplemented. Everyday subjects are considered as status marks, visual elements of social identity. The coexistence of traditional everyday objects with household innovations characteristic of merchants and nobility is revealed.
Conclusions. Analysis of the subject environment of Kazan burghers, both Russians and Tatars, shows that they had an inherent urban lifestyle with their own way of life and values. Traditional everyday objects and household innovations still existed jointly, which testifies to the complex mechanism of the process of selfidentification of the philistinism, including by virtue of ethnic and religious peculiarities. However, the development of the life-style of petty bourgeois coincided with the general sociocultural tendency characteristic of the pre-reform epoch of the Russian city – the assimilation of the norms of cultural everyday life, previously characteristic only of the nobility. Things were largely social signs, they determined social appreciation, status, testified to the claims and values of the tradesman. To a certain extent, it can be assumed that on this basis the bourgeois everyday life received a stable cultural definition in Russian literature as a model of impersonal consumerism.
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